Hunters are always on the lookout for the best caliber ammunition for deer hunting to achieve the best success rate. There are many ammo types produced by various brands to kill deer effectively, yet there is still need to find the best.
So, how do you choose the best caliber out of so many options?
Before we move ahead to find out which is the best calibers, I would like to introduce you to the differences between the caliber and cartridge, which is something that most people do not know.
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Table of Contents
What Do “Caliber” and “Cartridge” Mean?
Caliber is the diameter of the bullet, whereas cartridge is the comprised of projectile (bullet), casing, powder, and primer. So, the cartridge could be considered the sum of the caliber and the overall shape perhaps?
So, now, you have a better understanding of caliber, I will quickly tell you what makes a good one.
The best deer hunting calibers should have the following:
- Perfect striking energy – the standard is 1000 ft. lbs which is sufficient to kill a deer.
- Minimal recoil.
These qualities make the caliber ideal for deer hunting.
Best Caliber for Deer Hunting
Now the question is, what is the most efficient caliber for deer hunting and how to get an instant knock down?
I have chosen a few super effective calibers, which are the most appropriate ones for hunting deer.
Here are the top choices:
1 .25-06 Remington
One of the top 10 calibers for the deer hunting is the 25-06 Remington. Its muzzle velocity is 3440 fps, and the energy is 2364 ft. lbs. It is highly suitable if you are hunting deer within a range of around 550 yards (long range shooting).
It is bullet diameter is 0.257 inches (6.53 mm), and its weight ranges from between 75 to 120 grains (4.9 to 7.8 g). This bullet is lightweight with a high ballistic co-efficiency. It is a good combo of moderate recoil and considerable kinetic energy.
2 .35 Remington
The .35 Remington is another valuable caliber for hunting deer. Its muzzle velocity is 2080 fps, and muzzle energy is 1921 ft. lbs. You can hunt deer with this, at around 135 yards. So, it is ideal for mid-range shooting.
It was first introduced in 1906 and is also known as:
- 9x49mm Browning
- 9mm Don Gonzalo
The cartridge contains a medium to heavy weight bullet, and it has a moderate recoil. The bullet type is round-nosed, and it weighs in at 200 grains. It is considered the best caliber for the deer hunting.
3 .45-70 Government
The Government .45-70 can give you the perfect hunting experience as it is one of the top calibers used by hunters. Its muzzle velocity is 1880 fps, and muzzle energy is 2355 ft. lbs. It range suitability is 310 yards, mid-range. However, it can also be used for the close range.
The bullet diameter is 0.458 inches (11.63 mm), and the powder weight in the cartridge is 70 grains (4.56 g). The bullet type is lead, and its weight is 405 grains (26.2 g). This caliber is a favorite of the USA Navy for their various rifles.
4. 7mm-08 Remington
The Remington 7mm-08 is another perfect caliber that can knock down the deer efficiently. Its muzzle velocity is 2860 fps, and energy is 2542 ft. lbs. It is most effective at a range of 550 yards, which is undoubtedly considered long range.
Bullet diameter is 7.2 mm (0.284 in), and its parent case is the .308 Winchester, with a rimless, bottleneck type case. It first originated in the U.S and was designed in the 1980s. 100 grains
to 195-grain bullets is available to choose from as per the requirements.
5. 7mm Remington Magnum
The Remington 7mm Magnum is also a highly suitable caliber for deer hunting. Its muzzle velocity is 3110 fps, with a muzzle energy of 3221 ft. lbs. It is most efficient at the 750 plus yard range.
It was designed in 1962 in the US. The bullet diameter is .284 in (7.2 mm). It is based on flat shooting capability. It is one of the perfect options available for deer hunting.
6. .243 Winchester
The Winchester .243 is one of the better calibers which can give you excellent results. The muzzle velocity is 2960 fps, with an energy level of 1945 ft. lbs. It works most efficiently in the 350-yard range.
This incredible caliber was first introduced by Winchester in 1955. The diameter of the bullet is .243 inches (6.2 mm), which is suitable for rifles. The bullet weights are available in different sizes ranging from 55 grains (3.6 g) to 115 grains (6.8 g).
7. .30-60 Springfield:
The Springfield .30-60 is a requirement of deer hunters nowadays. Its muzzle velocity is 2700 fps, and its muzzle energy is 2719 ft. lbs. with an efficiency range of 575 yards.
It was first introduced in 1906 in the US. This caliber has been used in various wars like World War I, World War II, Vietnam and the Korean War. It is considered just perfect for the deer hunting with a bullet diameter of .308 in (7.8 mm).
8. .308 Winchester:
The .308 Winchester is one of the most trusted calibers for deer hunters. That is the reason why I have placed it in my top 3. Its muzzle velocity is 2820 fps, and its muzzle energy is 2648 ft. lbs. It works outstandingly in the 385-yard range.
It first originated in 1952 in the United States. The bullet diameter is 0.308 in (7.8 mm), and the case type is a Rimless, Bottleneck. It is considered one of the more super-efficient calibers for deer hunting.
9. .270 Winchester:
The .270 Winchester is a classic caliber that can knock a deer down very quickly. Its muzzle velocity is 3060 fps, and muzzle energy is 2702 ft. lbs. It works well at a range of 525 yards.
It was designed in 1923 and unveiled two years later in 1925. The bullet diameter is .277 in (7.0 mm), and it is known as one of the elite calibers used to kill deer effectively. That is why it has gained popularity among deer hunters.
10. 30-30 Winchester:
The 30-30 Winchester is the top-class caliber that is the most suitable and my favorite for deer hunting. Its muzzle velocity is 2390 fps, and its muzzle energy is 1902 ft. lbs. It has extremely low recoil and high shooting ability, which is the ultimate reason it stands in the number one spot of all other calibers. Its effective range is 180 yards.
It originated in around 1895 in the United States. It has a rimmed bottleneck type case, and the diameter of its bullet is .308 in (7.8 mm).
It is also one of the most effective calibers that can kill a deer instantly. It is the very first smokeless powder cartridge for sporting produced by Winchester.
All the calibers mentioned above are perfect for deer hunting, but in my opinion, I would highly recommend you try the 30-30 Winchester, which is an incredible caliber. Besides, you can also use 7mm Remington Magnum as well.
The characteristics of these calibers are just mind blowing, and they are perfect for deer hunting.
However, here is one more thing to consider: If you are using the AR 15 Rifle, you must use the Best AR 15 Scope for more powerful and accurate shots. If you are using some other kind of rifle for deer hunting, you can choose another type of scope as well.
The reason for this is because the rifle scopes make your hunting more groomed and fruitful, by making the shots more accurate.
So, that is all about the best calibers for deer hunting. All the mentioned calibers are just perfect to use for deer hunting and will help you get the most amazing hunting experience along with all the other deer hunting gear you need.
They all have a great muzzle speed, muzzle energy, and ideal range. So, choose any of the above calibers and enjoy hunting deer like a pro!